Please check the following criteria:
heat resistance (min. 120°C/250°F)
resistance against pressure
application area of the product
suitability of surface properties and absorbency
Checking absorbency via the water drop test
Apply a couple of drops of water onto the carrier material. If the material quickly absorbs the drops, it offers good absorbency. If the
water pearls off the carrier material, or if it takes a long time to be absorbed, the material offers insufficient absorbency. This can
impair the effectiveness of Hotfix application.
Drops are absorbed
Drops pearl off
Some textiles and special finishes are unsuitable for Hotfix application, due to a lack of absorbency.
This is a list of unsuitable carrier materials and finishes:
very tightly woven textiles
very thin fabrics, e.g. organza
smooth leather and smooth imitation leather (Swarovski application solutions such as Chaton Leather and Flat Back Leather are
featured in the “General Information” chapter)
hydrophobic or water-repellent treatments (silicone, synthetic resin as a waterproofing agent)
select dyes (dyes with metal pigments)
It can sometimes be helpful to wash the carrier material before application, in order to remove any unsuitable finishes (particularly
softening agents), and thus improve absorbency.
Generally, the following parameters are most important when carrying out Hotfix applications of SWAROVSKI ELEMENTS:
A detailed summary of all application parameters can be found in the Hotfix Selector table at the end of this chapter.
With heat presses, the temperature selected on the display does not always reflect the actual temperature on the surface of the press.
Often, the temperature can be distributed unevenly, or one heat plate may be defective.
It is therefore recommended to regularly check the temperature with a laser measuring device or temperature measuring strips at various points on the heating surface, to ensure the temperature is distributed evenly across it.
Checks should be carried out regularly (once per week), particularly during production.
Uneven heat distribution
Uneven heat distribution in the central area of the heat press
To add a fourth column, reduce the size of these three columns using the right icon of each block. Then, duplicate one of the column to create a new one as a copy.
Test with temperature measuring strips
The pressure setting depends on the Hotfix elements to be applied, the carrier material, and the technical equipment (machines, etc.) available.
Too much pressure can cause the adhesive to be spread out and can also affect the surface of the carrier material. Too little pressure, however, can result in a weak and insufficient bond between the crystal and the carrier material.
In general, the pressure should be applied directly to the crystal elements (e.g. Flat Backs Hotfix, Transfers, Crystal Mesh).
It is therefore necessary to check if there are any buttons, zippers or other raised parts surrounding them. Always use a compensating pad to even out the surface
When applying CystAX ELEMENTS of different heights, a compensating pad should always be used. Silicone foam or foam rubber can be used here.
Application using a heat press
A heat press is the ideal tool for applying Hotfix products as it can be used to apply even, adjustable pressure. All CrystAX Rhinestones mentioned in the product overview can be applied using the following steps. Please also note the helpful hints concerning the application of Crystal Mesh and Diamond Transfers.To adjust the application parameters and the aids to achieve an ideal balance, it is strongly recommended that tests are carried out with the original material.
1 Peel off the white protective film*.
2 Place the product in the desired position.
3 Make sure to apply the elements from the
recommended side and use the correct
pressing aid. To protect the heating surfaces
from any glue residue, it is best to cover them
with Teflon® film.
4 After the pressure, time and temperature is set, close the heat press.
5 After the application is finished, use a pressing cloth to apply additional pressure to the product.
6 Once the product is at least hand warm,
the transparent film can be removed at an acute angle.
If adhesion is insufficient following the application process, it can be repeated, adjusting the parameters (such as pressure,
time and temperature). Please ensure that the application process is repeated from the very beginning, and that the initial
application time is combined with the additional time.
For example: After application, it is clear that the application time of 10 seconds was insufficient. Pressure should not just be applied
for a further 5 seconds—the process must be repeated in its entirety, with an application time of 15 seconds.